Counselling Techniques

There are many Counselling Techniques.  Each technique works differently and can be applied to support specific needs.

Person Centred Counselling

The therapist acts as a helpful guide whilst the client searches

and explores within themselves to find the answers. The person centred approach often raises

many questions and can be a reflective and empowering process.

 Person Centred Counselling is good for:

  • Helping you get to know yourself
  • Uncovering blind spots
  • Feeling really heard and understood
  • Helping you to become independent and better at problem solving

The Person Centred approach believes that the client knows best and will work with the client

to empower them and develop their potential. This is a gentle approach suitable for most and it

underpins most other counselling approaches because of the use of the core condition,s which

are accepting, caring and totally non judgemental.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

This is a very effective and popular therapy, widely used today within the NHS and private

sector. When combined with elements of the Person Centred approach CBT can be a quicker

way to resolve problems. CBT is motivational and challenging and gives great insight into

how problems are often repeated and maintained.

Good for:

  • Gaining insight and seeing things from  different angles
  • Increasing confidence and self esteem
  • Working through conditions like PTSD & OCD
  • Overcoming rigid thoughts and ingrained beliefs

Transaction Analysis (TA)

Transactional Analysis looks at the different personality types that we have within, namely

the Parent, Adult & Child. These are known as Ego States and are all useful in their own

right, however if we use one ego state more than another, imbalances often occur leading to


TA also focuses on our interactions with others and shows us how to use the correct Ego State to

help us enjoy good communication and effective relationships. A good example of overusing the

Child Ego State is two people arguing and never resolving anything, a bit like going around in circles .

Moving into the Adult Ego State changes the outcome and helps solve the problem. TA is a very effective

approach and very simple to understood.

Good for:

  • Resolving relationship difficulties
  • Bullying
  • Becoming a stronger person
  • Dealing with difficult people
  • Understanding game playing and dramas


This approach focuses on the past and helps us look at where our thoughts and behaviours

stem from. Where do our defences come from? Why are some of us so angry or sad? Why are

some so anxious and unable to relax? These are just some of the questions explored here.

This approach can uncover much suppressed material and can be uncomfortable for some,

therefore the work should be monitored and paced to keep you safe.

On the plus side, clearing the deadwood or past, can really lighten the load and help people

move forward. Not all people are ready or suitable for this approach and this will be assessed

at your initial meeting.

Good for:

  • Victims of abuse
  • Helps move the past to a safe position
  • Helps us to see how personality is shaped and developed
  • Encourages growth & independence

Solution Focused Therapy

This approach is good for those that want solve current problems and dilemmas. The Solution

Focused approached is, as its name suggests, and is often a quicker way of moving through

therapy. Much of the focus is on the positive aspect such as looking at what is right rather

than what has gone wrong.

Good for:

  • Work related issues
  • Stress
  • Decision making

Behavioural Therapy

Behavioural therapy works by focusing on praise and reward whilst avoiding punishment.

For example, an attention seeking toddlers temper tantrums would be ignored and then

praise given when once the tantrums stop. Often many of us unknowingly reinforce undesired

behaviour by way of negative attention which increases the behaviour and leaves us feeling

stressed and disempowered. Followed correctly, this is a very effective method.

Good for:

Family related problems

  • Getting the most out of employees
  • Works well with children
  • Very effective with dog training!